HYMAN, LIBBIE HENRIETTA

HYMAN, LIBBIE HENRIETTA
HYMAN, LIBBIE HENRIETTA (1888–1969), U.S. invertebrate zoologist. Hyman was raised in Fort Dodge, Iowa. Despite opposition from her immigrant parents, she accepted a scholarship from the University of Chicago in 1906, receiving a B.S. in 1910 and a Ph.D. in 1915. Working as a research assistant in the lab of Professor Charles Manning Child, her doctoral advisor, she remained there for 16 more years until her mentor retired in 1931. While at Chicago, she published more than 40 research articles in her own name, as well as the highly successful A Laboratory Manual for Elementary Zoology (1919 and 1922) and A Laboratory Manual for Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy (1922 and 1942). Despite widespread recognition for her scientific accomplishments, no university would hire her, apparently because she was Jewish, a woman, and considered to be outspoken and abrasive. Living on the royalties from her popular manuals, Holman settled in New York City in 1932, where she began working on a survey of invertebrate morphology, physiology, embryology, and taxonomy, entitled The Invertebrates (I–VI, 1940–67). In 1937, Hyman became an honorary research associate at the American Museum of Natural History in New York, an unpaid position that provided her with an office, laboratory space, and library access. She wrote her monumental six-volume study over a 20-year period without assistance or a salary, even drawing her own meticulous illustrations. Internationally respected and widely published, Holman was an authority on flatworms and land planarian taxonomy. She served as president of the Society of Systemic Zoology in 1959 and edited its journal, Systemic Zoology, from 1959 to 1963. In 1939, after the publication of the first volume of The Invertebrates, she received an honorary doctorate of sciences from the University of Chicago; in 1954, the National Academy of Sciences awarded her the Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal for her scholarship; and in 1960, she became the third American to receive a Gold Medal in Zoology from the Linnaean Society. In 1969, shortly before her death at the age of 81, the American Museum of Natural History awarded Holman a Gold Medal Award for Distinguished Achievement in Science. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: P.E. Hyman and D. Dash Moore (eds.), Jewish Women in America, I (1997), 665–66; "Libbie Henrietta Hyman," in: Biographical Memoirs, vol. 60 (1991), 1033–114; R.E. Blackwelder, "Libbie H. Hyman Memorial Issue: Her Life," in: Journal of Biological Psychology 12 (1970), 1–23; J.E. Winston (ed.), Libbie Henrietta Hyman: Life and Contributions (1999). (Harriet Pass Freidenreich (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Hyman, Libbie Henrietta — ▪ American zoologist born Dec. 6, 1888, Des Moines, Iowa, U.S. died Aug. 3, 1969, New York City       U.S. zoologist and writer particularly noted for her widely used texts and reference works on invertebrate and vertebrate zoology.       Hyman… …   Universalium

  • Libbie Henrietta Hyman — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hyman. Libbie Henrietta Hyman Naissance 6&# …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Libbie Henrietta Hyman — (* 6. Dezember 1888 in Des Moines, Iowa; † 3. August 1969 in New York City) war eine US amerikanische Zoologin. Leben und Wirken Hymans Vater war Pole, ihre Mutter war Deutsche. Sie wuchs in ärmlichen Verhältnissen auf. Hyman erhielt ihren Ph. D …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Libbie Hyman — Libbie Henrietta Hyman (* 6. Dezember 1888 in Des Moines, Iowa; † 3. August 1969 in New York City) war eine US amerikanische Zoologin. Leben und Wirken Hymans Vater war Pole, ihre Mutter war Deutsche. Sie wuchs in ärmlichen Verhältnissen auf.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Libbie Hyman — Libbie Henrietta Hyman Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hyman. Demande de traduction …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hyman — ist eine Variante des hebräischen Vornamens Chaim. Hyman ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Aaron Hyman (1863 1937), weißrussischer Rabbiner und Autor in London Anthony Hyman (* 1962), Biochemiker, Direktor am Max Planck Institut für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Libbie Hyman — Infobox Scientist name = Libbie Hyman birth date = December 6, 1888 birth place = Des Moines, Iowa death date = August 3, 1969 death place = residence = citizenship = nationality = United States ethnicity = field = zoology work institutions =… …   Wikipedia

  • Hyman — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le nom de Hyman est porté par plusieurs personnalités (par ordre alphabétique) : Earle Hyman (1926 ), acteur américain. Libbie Henrietta Hyman (1888… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste der Biografien/Hy — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Goldmedaille der Linnean Society — Eine Linné Medaille Die Linné Medaille der Linnean Society of London ist eine Auszeichnung, die diese Gesellschaft an verdiente Wissenschaftler vergibt. Sie wird seit 1888, dem 100. Jubiläumsjahr der Gesellschaft, vergeben. Die Linné Medaille ist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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